主义

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (主义, reconstructed)
Character (主), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 之庾切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕɨoX/ /t͡ɕi̯uX/ /t͡ɕioX/ /t͡ɕioX/ /cuə̆X/ /t͡ɕĭuX/ /t͡ɕioX/
Character (義), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 宜寄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiᴇH/ /ŋie̯H/ /ŋieH/ /ŋiɛH/ /ŋiə̆H/ /ŋǐeH/ /ŋjɛH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (主义, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǔ ‹ tsyuX › /*toʔ/ master; host
‹ ngjeH › /*ŋ(r)aj-s/ duty; justice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17618 0 /*tjoʔ/
13045 1 /*ŋrals/

Noun[edit]

主义

  1. doctrine; -ism

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (主義):