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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
义-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from (义 is created according to )

Han character[edit]

(radical 4 丿+2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 戈大 (IK), X戈大 (XIK))

  1. right conduct, righteousness, justice
  2. meaning

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 82, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 124
  • Dae Jaweon: page 165, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 42, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+4E49

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (義), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 宜寄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiᴇH/ /ŋie̯H/ /ŋieH/ /ŋiɛH/ /ŋiə̆H/ /ŋǐeH/ /ŋjɛH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngjeH › /*ŋ(r)aj-s/ duty; justice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13045 1 /*ŋrals/