主義

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Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (主義, reconstructed)
Character (主), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 之庾切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕɨoX/ /t͡ɕi̯uX/ /t͡ɕioX/ /t͡ɕioX/ /cuə̆X/ /t͡ɕĭuX/ /t͡ɕioX/
Character (義), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 宜寄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiᴇH/ /ŋie̯H/ /ŋieH/ /ŋiɛH/ /ŋiə̆H/ /ŋǐeH/ /ŋjɛH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (主義, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǔ ‹ tsyuX › /*toʔ/ master; host
‹ ngjeH › /*ŋ(r)aj-s/ duty; justice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17618 0 /*tjoʔ/
13045 1 /*ŋrals/

Noun[edit]

主義

  1. doctrine; -ism

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (主義):


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
しゅ
Grade: 3

Grade: 5
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 主義 (tsyuX ngjeH, principle, set belief). The word was already in use in Chinese with this meaning in the 史記 (Shǐjì, Records of the Grand Historian), completed around 100 BCE.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

主義 (hiragana しゅぎ, romaji shugi)

  1. a principle or set of principles, a doctrine, an ism
    あの (ひと)主義 (しゅぎ) (もと)づいて契約 (けいやく)拒絶 (きょぜつ)するはずです。
    Ano hito wa shugi ni motozuite keiyaku o kyozetsu suru hazu desu.
    I expect they will reject the contract on principle.

Suffix[edit]

主義 (hiragana しゅぎ, romaji -shugi)

  1. -ism

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

主義 (juui) (hangeul 주의)

  1. Hanja form? of 주의, “-ism”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

主義

  1. Hán tự form of chủ nghĩa, "-ism; doctrine (unlike other CJKV languages, it's a prefix in Vietnamese, not a suffix)"