Lord

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See also: lord, LORD, Lords, and Lord's

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

See lord.

In reference to the God of the Jewish Tanakh and Christian Bible, originally a translation (attested from the late Old English form hlaford) of the Vulgate Latin Dominus (master of a house; lord), translating the New Testament and the Septuagint's Ancient Greek κύριος or Κύριος (ó kýrios, "the supreme one; Lord, Kyrios"), both in reference to Hebrew אֲדֹנָי (ʾdny, "my lord; my Lord, Adonai") from אדון (ʾdwn, "lord, patron; Lord") + י- (-y, "my"), cognate with Phoenician 𐤀𐤃𐤍 (ʾdn, "lord; Lord, Adon"). Adonai appears in the Tanakh both directly and as a euphemism read aloud during occurrences of the Tetragrammaton יהוה (YHWH, "I am what I am; Jehovah"). See the usage notes below. Displaced the earlier term drighten, Drighten.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Lord (plural Lords)

  1. (Judaism, Islam) The God of Abraham and the Jewish scriptures, (Christianity) God the Father; the Godhead.
  2. (Christianity) Jesus Christ, God the Son.
  3. (religion) Any other deity particularly important to a religion or a worshipper.

Usage notes[edit]

In monotheistic contexts (including Trinitarian Christianity), the term is used absolutely: "the Lord". In reference to Jesus, it is often expressed as "Our Lord" or "Our Lord and Savior". (Note, however, that Mormonism typically distinguishes "the Lord" as describing Jesus and "God" as describing Elohim, the God of Abraham.)

In many English Bibles, references in the Hebrew Tanakh to the names of God, Adonai and YHWH, are distinguished by capitalizing the former as "Lord" and the latter as "LORD", "LORD", "LORD", etc. Similarly, "Lord God", "Lord GOD", etc. translate the dual form "Adonai YHWH". "Lord of Hosts" (etc.) translates the Hebrew name YHWH Sabaoth.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Interjection[edit]

Lord

  1. (originally an invocation) An interjection variously expressing astonishment, surprise, resignation.

Usage notes[edit]

Originally solemn, now typically invoked in trivial and profane use.

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

Lord (plural Lords)

  1. A formal title of the lesser British nobility, used as a shortened form for a Lord of the Manor and Lord Proprietor.
  2. A generic title used in reference to any peer of the British nobility or any peer below the dignity of duke and (as a courtesy title) for the younger sons of dukes and marquesses (see usage note).
  3. Similar formal and generic titles in other countries.
  4. An additional title added to denote the dignity of certain high officials, such as the "Lord Mayors" of major cities in the British Commonwealth
  5. The elected president of a festival.
  6. (Wicca) A high priest.

Usage notes[edit]

The title lord is usually understood as one borne by men and lady is its usual female equivalent. For example, King William IV of the United Kingdom was styled Lord of Mann and, upon his death, his niece Victoria was styled Lady of Mann. Modern usage is not always so clear, however, and "lord" may now refer to either male or female bearers of a title. For example, Queen Elizabeth II is presently styled "the Queen, Lord of Mann".

Lord is the formal title of only a few British nobles. It is, however, traditionally used as a title and form of address for all members of the British peerage, including the Lords Spiritual (the 26 bishops of the established Church of England). In present practice, dukes are instead styled "Your" or "His Grace" and the Lords Spiritual are usually styled "Lord Bishop". The younger sons of dukes and marquesses also bear the courtesy title of lord.

Derived terms[edit]

See also derived terms at lord.

Related terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Statistics[edit]

References[edit]

  • Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed. "lord, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1903.