Abraham

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See also: Abrahám, Ábrahám, and Abrahàm

English[edit]

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Abraham Sends Hagar and Ishmael Away (Gen. 21:1-14)

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin Ābraham, from Ancient Greek Ἀβραάμ (Abraám), from Hebrew אַבְרָהָם (avrahám, Abraham). Glossed as אַב (av, father of) + הֲמוֹן (hamón, multitude of) in Genesis 17:4–5; or from Hebrew אַבְרָם (avrám, Abram).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham (plural Abrahams)

  1. (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Baha'i) A prophet in the Old Testament, Qur'an and Aqdas; a Semitic patriarch who preached monotheism, father of the Jewish patriarch Isaac and the Arab patriarch Ishmael. [First attested prior to 1150.][1]
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, Genesis 17:5:
      Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but they name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee.
    • 1980, Werner Keller, The Bible as History (tr. by William Neil), chapter 7, page 93:
      As one would expect of caravan people around 1900 B.C., the caravan people depicted in the Khnum-hotpe grave had donkeys, whereas the Bible says that Abraham and his people, who according to the traditional interpretation are supposed to have lived at the same period, already possessed camels.
  2. A male given name. [First attested prior to 1150.][1]
    • 1961, Kurt Vonnegut, Mother Night, Dell (1975), page 28:
      "Lincoln wasn't a Jew, was he?" he said. "I'm sure not," I said. - - - "The name Abraham is very suspicious, to say the least," said Goebbels. "I'm sure his parents didn't realize that it was a Jewish name," I said. "They must have just liked the sound of it. They were simple frontier people. If they'd known the name was Jewish, I'm sure they would have called him something more American, like George or Stanley or Fred."
  3. A patronymic surname​.. [First attested prior to 1150.][1]
  4. The 14th sura (chapter) of the Quran

Synonyms[edit]

  • (Semitic patriarch): Abram

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 7

Catalan[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham m

  1. A male given name, cognate of English Abraham
  2. Abraham (Biblical character)

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham ?

  1. A male given name of biblical origin.

Related terms[edit]


Ewe[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham

  1. Abraham (Biblical character)
  2. A male given name

Quotations[edit]

  • Eʋe Biblia (Bible Society of Ghana) — Eyata womagayɔ wò bena Abram akpɔ o, ke boŋ Abraham anye wò ŋkɔ. Mose I 17:5

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham m

  1. Abraham (Biblical character)
  2. A male given name

German[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham m (genitive Abrahams)

  1. Abraham (Biblical character)
  2. A male given name

Related terms[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

Abraham

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌱𐍂𐌰𐌷𐌰𐌼

Latin[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Ābraham m (indeclinable)

  1. Abraham (Biblical character)
    • Vulgate Liber Genesis 17:5
      nec ultra vocabitur nomen tuum Abram, sed appellaberis Abraham quia patrem multarum gentium constitui te.

Proper noun[edit]

Ābraham m (genitive Ābrahae); first declension

  1. Abraham (Biblical character)

Inflection[edit]

First declension with nominative singular in -am.

Number Singular Plural
nominative Ābraham Ābrahae
genitive Ābrahae Ābrahārum
dative Ābrahae Ābrahīs
accusative Ābraham Ābrahās
ablative Ābrahā Ābrahīs
vocative Ābraham Ābrahae

Spanish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham m

  1. Abraham (Biblical character)
    • 1602, La Santa Biblia (antigua versión de Casiodoro de Reina), rev., Génesis 17:5:
      Y no se llamará más tu nombre Abram, sino que será tu nombre Abraham, porque te he puesto por padre de muchedumbre de gentes.

Swedish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Abraham

  1. A male given name
  2. Abraham (Biblical figure)