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Translingual[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (thread) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +4 in Chinese, 糸+3 in Japanese, in Chinese 10 strokes, in Japanese 9 strokes, cangjie input 女火弓竹水 (VFNHE), four-corner 27947, composition)

  1. level, rank, class
  2. grade

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 918, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27294
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1348, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3366, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7D1A

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping kap1, Yale kap1)


Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

kipu → kiɸu → *kiwu → kiu → kyuː.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きゅう, historical hiragana きふ, romaji kyū)

  1. rank
  2. (school) a class

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 進級 (しんきゅう, shinkyū)
  • 等級 (とうきゅう, tōkyū)
  • 階級 (かいきゅう, kaikyū)
  • 下級 (かきゅう, kakyū)
  • 上級 (じょうきゅう, jōkyū)
  • 同級生 (どうきゅうせい, dōkyūsei)
  • 高級 (こうきゅう, kōkyū)
  • 比較級 (ひかくきゅう, hikakukyū)
  • 最上級 (さいじょうきゅう, saijōkyū)
  • 級数 (きゅうすう, kyūsū)
  • 等差級数 (とうさきゅうすう, tōsakyūsū)
  • 調和級数 (ちょうわきゅうすう, chōwakyūsū)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geup)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: geup, McCune-Reischauer: kŭp, Yale: kup)
  • Name (hangeul): 등급 (revised: deunggeup, McCune-Reischauer: dŭnggŭp)

Compounds[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Noun[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin , simplified )

  1. (archaic) a measure word for human heads

External links[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cấp, cóp, khớp, cụp, khởi)