basis

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (basis).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

basis (plural bases or baseis)

  1. A starting point, base or foundation for an argument or hypothesis.
  2. An underlying condition or circumstance.
    • 2013, Daniel Taylor, Danny Welbeck leads England's rout of Moldova but hit by Ukraine ban (in The Guardian, 6 September 2013)[1]
      Hodgson may now have to bring in James Milner on the left and, on that basis, a certain amount of gloss was taken off a night on which Welbeck scored twice but barely celebrated either before leaving the pitch angrily complaining to the Slovakian referee.
  3. regular frequency
    You should brush your teeth on a daily basis at minimum.
    The flights to Fiji leave on a weekly basis.
    Cars must be checked on a yearly basis.
  4. (linear algebra) In a vector space, a linearly independent set of vectors spanning the whole vector space.
  5. (accounting) Amount paid for an investment, including commissions and other expenses.
  6. (topology) A collection of subsets ("basis elements") of a set, such that this collection covers the set, and for any two basis elements which both contain an element of the set, there is a third basis element contained in the intersection of the first two, which also contains that element.
    The collection of all possible unions of basis elements of a basis is said to be the topology generated by that basis.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The construction "on a daily/weekly/etc. basis" is usually an unnecessarily-wordy substitute for simply "daily/weekly/etc."

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (starting point for discussion): base

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 basis” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary [2nd Ed.; 1989]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

basis f (plural basissen or bases, diminutive basisje n)

  1. basis
  2. base

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek βάσις (basis, foundation, base).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

basis f (genitive basis); third declension

  1. A pedestal, foot, base; basis, foundation.
  2. (architecture) The lowest part of the shaft of a column.
  3. (grammar) The primitive word, root.
  4. (of cattle) A track, footprint.

Inflection[edit]

Note that there are the alternative forms baseos for the genitive singular basis, baseī for the ablative singular and baseis for the accusative plural. Third declension i-stem, alternative accusative singular in -im and ablative singular in .

Number Singular Plural
nominative basis basēs
genitive basis basium
dative basī basibus
accusative basim
basem
basīs
basēs
ablative basī
base
basibus
vocative basis basēs

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • basis in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879