cannabis

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See also: Cannabis

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

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From Latin cannabis (hemp), from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). The term was claimed to ultimately be from Scythian by Herodotus (compare Kurdish kinif, Ossetian gän). It may be a compound of Proto-Finno-Ugric *kéne (hemp) (compare Estonian kena, Sami kèdž', Udmurt kenem) and *piš (to burn; nettle) (compare Komi-Permyak пыш (pyš), Udmurt пыш (pyš), Khanty piš) but may also be connected to Assyrian qunnabu 'cannabis'. This word wandered widely into Semitic, Baltic, Slavic and Germanic (as *hanapiz). See hemp.

Noun[edit]

cannabis (uncountable)

Cannabis sativa
  1. A tall annual dioecious plant (Cannabis, especially Cannabis sativa), native to central Asia and having alternate, palmately divided leaves and tough bast fibers.
  2. A mildly euphoriant, intoxicating hallucinogenic drug prepared from various parts of this plant.
  3. The purified and decarboxylated resin of the cannabis plant used for medicinal purposes rather than for any intoxicating effects.

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin cannabis, from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). Compare chanvre.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cannabis m (uncountable)

  1. cannabis

Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin cannabis, from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis).

Noun[edit]

cannabis m (uncountable)

  1. cannabis

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis), from Scythian (compare Kurdish kinif, Ossetian gän), from a compound of Finno-Ugric *kéne 'hemp' (compare Estonian kena, Lapp kèdž', Udmurt kenem) and *piš 'to burn; nettle' (compare Komi-Permyak пыш (pyš), Udmurt пыш (pyš), Khanty piš, Hungarian peszeg). This word was borrowed widely into Semitic, Balto-Slavic and Germanic. See hemp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cannabis f (genitive cannabis); third declension

  1. hemp

Inflection[edit]

Third declension i-stem, alternative accusative singular in -im and ablative singular in .

Number Singular Plural
nominative cannabis cannabēs
genitive cannabis cannabium
dative cannabī cannabibus
accusative cannabim
cannabem
cannabīs
cannabēs
ablative cannabī
cannabe
cannabibus
vocative cannabis cannabēs

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Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin cannabis, from Ancient Greek κάνναβις (kánnabis). See also cáñamo.

Noun[edit]

cannabis m (uncountable)

  1. cannabis

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

cannabis c

  1. cannabis; Cannabis sativa
  2. cannabis; a recreational drug

Declension[edit]