draught

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English dræht, from Proto-Germanic *drahtiz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

draught (plural draughts)

  1. The action or an act of pulling something along, especially a beast of burden, vehicle or tractor.
    • Sir W. Temple
      A general custom of using oxen for all sort of draught would be, perhaps, the greatest improvement.
  2. The act of drawing, or pulling back.
    • Spenser
      She sent an arrow forth with mighty draught.
  3. That which is drawn.
    • L'Estrange
      He laid down his pipe, and cast his net, which brought him a very great draught.
  4. That which draws, such as a team of oxen or horses.
  5. Capacity of being drawn; force necessary to draw; traction.
    • Mortimer
      The Hertfordshire wheel plough [] is of the easiest draught.
  6. The act of drawing up, marking out, or delineating; representation.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
  7. A sketch, outline, or representation, whether written, designed, or drawn; a delineation; a draft.
    • Macaulay
      A draught of a Toleration Act was offered to the Parliament by a private member.
    • South
      No picture or draught of these things from the report of the eye.
  8. A current of air (usually coming into a room or vehicle).
    • Charles Dickens
      He preferred to go and sit upon the stairs, in [] a strong draught of air, until he was again sent for.
  9. The depth below the water line to the bottom of a vessel's hull.
  10. An amount of liquid that is drunk in one swallow.
    She took a deep draught from the bottle of water.
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby Dick, chapter 36
      “Drink and pass!” he cried, handing the heavy charged flagon to the nearest seaman. “The crew alone now drink. Round with it, round! Short draughts—long swallows, men; ’tis hot as Satan’s hoof.
  11. The act of drawing in a net for fish.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Luke V:
      he sayde vnto Simon: Cary vs into the depe, and lett slippe thy nett to make a draught.
    • Sir M. Hale
      Upon the draught of a pond, not one fish was left.
  12. (UK) A game piece used in the game of draughts.
  13. (Australia) A type of beer, brewed using a top-fermenting yeast; ale.
  14. (UK, Ireland) Beer drawn from a cask or keg rather than a bottle or can.
  15. (dated) A dose of medicine in liquid form.
  16. (medicine, obsolete) A mild vesicatory.
    to apply draughts to the feet
  17. The bevel given to the pattern for a casting, so that it can be drawn from the sand without damaging the mould.
  18. (obsolete) A privy.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Matthew XV:
      Then sayde Jesus: are ye yett withoute understondinge? perceave ye not, that whatsoever goeth in at the mouth, descendeth doune into the bely, and ys cast out into the draught?
    • 1623, William Shakespeare, Timon of Athens:
      Rid me these Villaines from your companies; / Hang them, or stab them, drowne them in a draught, / Confound them by some course, and come to me, / Ile giue you Gold enough.
  19. (obsolete) A drawing or picture.
    • 1646, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, V.22:
      And therefore, for the whole process, and full representation, there must be more than one draught; the one representing him in station, the other in session, another in genuflexion.
  20. (obsolete) A sudden attack or drawing upon an enemy.
    • Spenser
      drawing sudden draughts upon the enemy when he looketh not for you
  21. (military) The act of selecting or detaching soldiers; a draft.
  22. (military) The force drawn; a detachment; a draft.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Verb[edit]

draught (third-person singular simple present draughts, present participle draughting, simple past and past participle draughted)

  1. To draw out; to call forth. See draft.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Addison to this entry?)
  2. To diminish or exhaust by drawing.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      The Parliament so often draughted and drained.
  3. To draw in outline; to make a draught, sketch, or plan of, as in architectural and mechanical drawing.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.