penal

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old French peinal, from Medieval Latin penalis, from Latin poenalis, from poena (punishment), from Ancient Greek ποινή (poinḗ, punishment), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoyneh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

penal (not comparable)

  1. Of or relating to punishment.
    penal servitude
  2. Subject to punishment; punishable.
    a penal offence
  3. Serving as a place of punishment.
    a penal colony

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Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From pena +‎ -al.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

penal m, f (masculine and feminine plural penals)

  1. penal, criminal

Derived terms[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

penal m (plural penai, feminine penala, feminine plural penales)

  1. penal

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin poenālis.

Adjective[edit]

penal m, f (plural penales)

  1. penal

Noun[edit]

penal m (plural penales)

  1. a kind of prison
  2. (soccer) penalty

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Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]