criminal

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Anglo-Norman criminal, from Late Latin criminalis, from Latin crimen (crime)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

criminal (comparative more criminal, superlative most criminal)

  1. Being against the law; forbidden by law.
    • Addison
      Foppish and fantastic ornaments are only indications of vice, not criminal in themselves.
  2. Guilty of breaking the law.
    • Rogers
      The neglect of any of the relative duties renders us criminal in the sight of God.
  3. Of or relating to crime or penal law.
    • Hallam
      The officers and servants of the crown, violating the personal liberty, or other right of the subject [] were in some cases liable to criminal process.
    His long criminal record suggests that he is a dangerous man.
  4. (figuratively) Abhorrent or very undesirable, even if allowed by law.
    Printing such asinine opinions without rebuttal is criminal, even when not libel!

Usage notes[edit]

  • Nouns to which "criminal" is often applied: law, justice, court, procedure, prosecution, intent, case, record, act, action, behavior, code, offence, liability, investigation, conduct, defense, trial, history, responsibility, lawyer, tribunal, appeal, process, background, mind, conspiracy, evidence, gang, organization, underworld, jurisprudence, offender, jury, police, past, group, punishment, attorney, violence, report, career, psychology.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

criminal (plural criminals)

  1. A person who is guilty of a crime, notably breaking the law.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 3, The China Governess[1]:
      ‘[…] There's every Staffordshire crime-piece ever made in this cabinet, and that's unique. The Van Hoyer Museum in New York hasn't that very rare second version of Maria Marten's Red Barn over there, nor the little Frederick George Manning—he was the criminal Dickens saw hanged on the roof of the gaol in Horsemonger Lane, by the way—’

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Old French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

criminal m (feminine criminale)

  1. criminal; illegal; against the law

Declension[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin crīminālis (criminal), from crīmen (veredict; crime).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

criminal m, f (plural criminais; uncomparable)

  1. (law) criminal (of or relating to crime or penal law)
    Antecedente criminal.
    Criminal record.

Related terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin crīminālis (criminal), from crīmen (veredict; crime).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

criminal 4 nom/acc forms

  1. murderous

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

criminal m (plural criminali)

  1. a murderer

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

criminal m, f (plural criminales)

  1. criminal

Noun[edit]

criminal m, f (plural criminales)

  1. A criminal

Related terms[edit]