crimen

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin crīmen (verdict; adultery; crime).

Noun[edit]

crimen (uncountable)

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  1. (religion) An impediment to marriage in the canon law of the Roman Catholic Church, preventing the marriage of people who had murdered an existing spouse in order to remarry (even without committing adultery).

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *kreimen, from Proto-Indo-European *kréymn̥, from *krey- (sieve) + *-mn̥, equivalent to cernō (sieve) +‎ -men. Compare also Ancient Greek κρῖμα (krîma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

crīmen n (genitive crīminis); third declension

  1. A judicial decision, verdict, judgment or judgement.
  2. An object of reproach, invective.
  3. An object representing a crime.
  4. A cause of a crime; criminal.
  5. The crime of lewdness; adultery.
  6. (in respect to the accuser) A charge, accusation, reproach; calumny, slander.
  7. (in respect to the accused) The fault one is accused of; crime, misdeed, offence, fault.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative crīmen crīmina
genitive crīminis crīminum
dative crīminī crīminibus
accusative crīmen crīmina
ablative crīmine crīminibus
vocative crīmen crīmina

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • crimen in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin crīmen (verdict; crime).

Noun[edit]

crimen m (plural crímenes)

  1. violent crime (for non-violent crimes use delito)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]