penal substitution

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English[edit]

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Noun[edit]

penal substitution (uncountable)

  1. (theology) The theory of atonement which holds that Jesus died on the Cross in place of human sinners.
    • 2009, Diarmaid MacCulloch, A History of Christianity, Penguin 2010, p. 863:
      As part of that literal reading, concentrating on a line of thought on salvation pursued by St Paul, came the penal substitution theory, and Fundamentalists rightly concluded that these were the aspects of Christianity most vulnerable to attack from nineteenth-century intellectual developments.

Synonyms[edit]