labība

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See also: labībā

Latvian[edit]

Labība

Etymology[edit]

From labs (good) +‎ -ība. The original meaning of labība was 'property', 'riches', until the early 17th century. Cognate with Lithuanian regionalism labýba (property, riches). Compare the same semantic evolution in Lithuanian gėrỹba (property, cereals), from Lithuanian gẽras (good), and in Polish zboże (cereal, grain), previously "proprety, riches". [1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

labība f (4th declension)

  1. cereal (kind of grass cultivated for its edible grains)
    labības kombainscereal harvester
    labību kaitēkļicereal, grain pests
    pļaut labību — to mow cereals
  2. (chiefly in the singular) cereal, grain (the grains of cereal plants)
    nosvērt labību — to weigh the grain
    iztīrīt labību — to clean the grain
    labības glabātavacereal storage facility

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “labība” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7