-ība

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See also: iba and IBA

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *-ība, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *bʰh₂-o-, from a stem *bʰah₂ (to shine), first applied to i-stems, from which it incorporated the stem-final i, and then spread to other stem classes. Cognates include Lithuanian -yba (cf. tikýba (belief, faith)), Common Slavic *-ьba (Old Church Slavonic -ьба (-ĭba), Russian -ба (-ba)).[1]

Suffix[edit]

-ība

  1. Added to adjectives (sometimes to nouns) to form abstract nouns, especially those referring to the state or property that corresponds to the original adjective (like, e.g., Eng. -ity).

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Forssman, Berthold. 2001. Lettische Grammatik (Dettelbach: Verlag J. H. Röll GmbH) ISBN: 3-89754-194-7, page 257.