Appendix:Proto-Slavic/-ьba

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the suffix proper is *-ba, with *-ь and *-o abstracted from i- and o-stem basewords, respectively. Sometimes the original abstract noun in *-ь is still preserved, e.g.

Further, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *-ba, from Proto-Indo-European *-bʰo-, *-bʰeh₂ found in nouns and adjectives.

Cognate with Lithuanian -ýba, -ỹbė and Latvian -ība.

Suffix[edit]

*-ьba f

  1. Deverbative, forming action nouns.
    družiti sę (to socialize, get together) → *družьba (company)
    *služiti (to serve) → *služьba (service, serving)
    *gǫdti > *gǫsti (to play a string instrument) → *gǫdьba (band)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-ьba not found

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]