All Portuguese nouns can be grouped into two categories. Traditionally these two categories have been labeled 'masculine' and 'feminine', and all nouns are said to have either 'masculine' gender or 'feminine' gender.
Luiz de Freitas Branco (1890-1955) is usually appointed as the «introducer of modernism in Portugal», by his decisive role in the approximation of Portuguese music to the most innovative European aesthetics, namely the Schönberg atonalism and the French impressionism.
Adjective: pertaining to the people or culture of Portugal
1867, Edward M. Pierce, The cottage cyclopedia of history and biography: a copious dictionary of memorable persons, events, places and things, with notices of the present state of the principal countries and nations of the known world, and a chronological view of American history, Case, Lockwood, page 271:
1506. Madagascar—discovered by Lorenzo Almeida; revisited by the Portuguese navigator Fernandez Pereira, in 1508.
1887, George Brown Goode, The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States, section IV, page 33
In San Diego County there is but one Portuguese fisherman, as is also the case in Los Angeles, the county immediately adjoining.
1990, Ellen Israel Rosen, Bitter Choices: Blue-Collar Women in and Out of Work, edition reprint, illustrated, University of Chicago Press, ISBN 9780226726458, page 80:
[...] with a good deal of prejudice that was in part motivated by the fear that the Portuguese women might take their jobs.
1759, George Sale, George Psalmanazar, Archibald Bower, George Shelvocke, John Campbell, John Swinton, An Universal history, from the earliest account of time, volume 28, Printed for T. Osborne, page 100:
Beſides, thoſe few Portugueſes who were with him, commited ſuch outrages, robberies, and murders, as ſeemed to call down vengeance upon them, and haſten his ruin.
1920, Paulus Edward Pieris, Ceylon and the Portuguese, 1505-1658, page 184
With a view to securing its more efficient working, a Portuguese was placed in charge of the entire department as Vidane.
2000, René Chartrand & Bill Younghusband, The Portuguese Army of the Napoleonic Wars, volume 1, page 23
Beresford required all materials for coatees, waistcoats and pantaloons to be sent out unmade, as the Portuguese were perfectly capable of making the suits up properly after delivery.
2000, Ethnologia Europaea30 (2): 52
The Portuguese claim that a Galician would never be generous, as a Portuguese would. On their side, the Galicians tell the story of the Portuguese who invites some Galicians to dinner and then gives his guests very little to eat.
Proper noun: the official language of Portugal