adcí

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Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ad-kʷiso-, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷeis- (observe) (compare Sanskrit चायति (cāyati, perceives)) or Proto-Indo-European *kʷes- (compare Sanskrit चक्षति (cakṣati, sees)). The deuterotonic perfect forms and the present indicative ro-form ad·rodarcar are from the Proto-Celtic stem *derk-, from Proto-Indo-European *derḱ- (to see); cognate with Sanskrit दृश् (dṛś), Greek δέρκομαι (dérkomai), Old English torht (bright, clear), Albanian dritë (light).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ad·cí (prototonic ·aicci, verbal noun aicsiu)

  1. see, behold
  2. perceive
  3. (in passive) seem, appear
    • c. 750, Preface to Saint Patrick's Breastplate, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus, (1901–03, Cambridge University Press; reprinted 1975, 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, 2:354–58:
      conid annsin atchessa fiad lucht na netarnade comtis aige alta ⁊ iarróe ina ndiaid .i. Benen
      And then it appeared before those lying in ambush that they were wild deer with a fawn (Benén) following them.

For more examples of usage of this term, see the citations page.

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The present-tense ro-forms ·airciu, ad·rodarcar, etc., mean “can see”, “can be seen”, etc.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ad·cí ad·chí ad·cí
pronounced with /-ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.