nywʾlthšyl

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Middle Persian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of nyw (nēw) and ʾlthšyl (Ardaxšēr) (Inscriptional Pahlavi spelling 𐭠𐭥𐭲𐭧𐭱𐭲𐭥).

Noun[edit]

nywʾlthšyl (nēw-ardaxšēr, nēw-ardaxšīr)

  1. backgammon
    • 226-651, Kārnāmag ī Ardaxšēr ī Pābagān [Book of the Deeds of Ardashir son of Pabag]
      pad yazadān ayārīh pad čawgān ud aswārīh, čatrang ud nēw-ardaxšīr ud abārīg frahang az awēšān hāmōyēn čēr ud nibardag būd.
      By the help of the Providence he became more adept and victorious than them all, in polo and horsemanship, in chatrang (chess) and backgammon, and in other [princely] educations.
    • 226-651, Wizārišn ī Čatrang ud Nihišn ī Nēw-Ardaxšīr
      The Explanation of Chess and the Invention of Backgammon

Descendants[edit]