Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰéydʰeti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Thematic root verb of the root *bʰeydʰ-.

Verb[edit]

*bʰéydʰeti (imperfective)[1]

  1. to trust

Inflection[edit]

Imperfective, thematic
3rd singular *bʰéydʰeti
3rd plural *bʰéydʰonti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *bʰéydʰoh₂ *bʰéydʰom *bʰéydʰōh₂ *bʰéydʰoyh₁m̥
2nd singular *bʰéydʰesi *bʰéydʰes *bʰéydʰe *bʰéydʰēsi *bʰéydʰoys
3rd singular *bʰéydʰeti *bʰéydʰet *bʰéydʰetu *bʰéydʰēti *bʰéydʰoyt
1st dual *bʰéydʰowos *bʰéydʰowe *bʰéydʰōwos *bʰéydʰoywe
2nd dual *bʰéydʰetes *bʰéydʰetom *bʰéydʰetom *bʰéydʰētes *bʰéydʰoytom
3rd dual *bʰéydʰetes *bʰéydʰetām *bʰéydʰetām *bʰéydʰētes *bʰéydʰoytām
1st plural *bʰéydʰomos *bʰéydʰome *bʰéydʰōmos *bʰéydʰoyme
2nd plural *bʰéydʰete *bʰéydʰete *bʰéydʰete *bʰéydʰēte *bʰéydʰoyte
3rd plural *bʰéydʰonti *bʰéydʰont *bʰéydʰontu *bʰéydʰōnti *bʰéydʰoyh₁n̥t
Participle *bʰéydʰonts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *bʰéydʰoh₂er *bʰéydʰoh₂e *bʰéydʰōh₂er *bʰéydʰoyh₂e
2nd singular *bʰéydʰeth₂er *bʰéydʰeth₂e *bʰéydʰeso *bʰéydʰēth₂er *bʰéydʰoyth₂e
3rd singular *bʰéydʰetor *bʰéydʰeto *? *bʰéydʰētor *bʰéydʰoyto, *bʰéydʰoyh₁o
1st dual *bʰéydʰowosdʰh₂ *bʰéydʰowedʰh₂ *bʰéydʰōwosdʰh₂ *bʰéydʰoywedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *bʰéydʰomosdʰh₂ *bʰéydʰomedʰh₂ *bʰéydʰōmosdʰh₂ *bʰéydʰoymedʰh₂
2nd plural *bʰéydʰedʰh₂we *bʰéydʰedʰh₂we *bʰéydʰedʰh₂we *bʰéydʰēdʰh₂we *bʰéydʰoydʰh₂we
3rd plural *bʰéydʰoror, *bʰéydʰontor *bʰéydʰoro, *bʰéydʰonto *? *bʰéydʰōror, *bʰéydʰōntor *bʰéydʰoyro, *bʰéydʰoyh₁n̥to
Participle *bʰéydʰomnos

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Germanic: *bīdaną (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *péitʰō
  • Proto-Italic: *feiðō

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN