Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁éyti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Athematic root present of the root *h₁ey-.

Verb[edit]

*h₁éyti (imperfective)

  1. to go, to be going

Inflection[edit]

Imperfective, athematic, active only
3rd singular *h₁éyti
3rd plural *h₁yénti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *h₁éymi *h₁ḗm *h₁éyoh₂ *h₁iyéh₁m̥
2nd singular *h₁éysi *h₁éys *h₁éy, *h₁idʰí *h₁éyesi *h₁iyéh₁s
3rd singular *h₁éyti *h₁éyt *h₁éytu *h₁éyeti *h₁iyéh₁t
1st dual *h₁iwós *h₁iwé *h₁éyowos *h₁yih₁wé
2nd dual *h₁ités *h₁itóm *h₁itóm *h₁éyetes *h₁yih₁tóm
3rd dual *h₁ités *h₁itā́m *h₁itā́m *h₁éyetes *h₁yih₁tā́m
1st plural *h₁imós *h₁imé *h₁éyomos *h₁yih₁mé
2nd plural *h₁ité *h₁ité *h₁ité *h₁éyete *h₁yih₁té
3rd plural *h₁yénti *h₁yént *h₁yéntu *h₁éyonti *h₁yih₁ént
Participle *h₁yónts

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Albanian: *aitatja
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *eitei
    • Lithuanian: eĩti
    • Latvian: iet
    • Proto-Slavic: *jьti (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *éimi
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *Háyti (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *eō
    • Latin: (see there for further descendants)