ʾlmʾs

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Middle Persian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Usually derived from Byzantine Greek ἀδάμας (adámas), but the Greek word itself is now considered an oriental loanword. Compare Akkadian 𒋤𒉘 (elmēšu [SUD.ÁG], a valuable stone, perhaps amber). Other Iranian reflexes of the same word: Manichaean Middle Persian ʾrmʾs, Northern Kurdish almas, almast, almaz, elmas, Zazaki almast, almas, elmas.

Noun[edit]

ʾlmʾs (almās)

  1. steel
  2. diamond

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • "almās(t)" in David Neil MacKenzie (1986), A Concise Pahlavi Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-713559-5, page 7
  • Petar Skok (1971), Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika, Zagreb: JAZU, volume I, pages 8–9
  • “elmas” in Nişanyan Sözlük
  • “elmēšu(m)” in Jeremy Black, Andrew George, Nicholas Postgate (2000), A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian (second corrected edition), Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, ISBN 3447042648, page 70