Often derived from ἀ- (a-, “not”) + δαμνάω (damnáō, “conquer”), as “indomitable”, but Beekes remarks that semantically this is strange and the word is rather a Semitic borrowing that was adapted by folk etymology; compare Akkadian [script needed] (adamu) or 𒋤𒉘 (elmēšu [SUD.ÁG], “a valuable stone, perhaps amber”). Middle Persian ʾlmʾs (almās) is probably from the same source.
- (5th BC Attic): IPA: /adáma͜as/
- (1st BC Egyptian): IPA: /adámaːs/
- (4th AD Koine): IPA: /aðámas/
- (10th AD Byzantine): IPA: /aðámas/
- (15th AD Constantinopolitan): IPA: /aðámas/
- Latin: adamās