ἀδάμας

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Often derived from ἀ- (a-, not) + δαμνάω (damnáō, conquer), as “indomitable”, but Beekes remarks that semantically this is strange and the word is rather a Semitic borrowing that was adapted by folk etymology; compare Akkadian [script needed] (adamu) or 𒋤𒉘 (elmēšu [SUD.ÁG], a valuable stone, perhaps amber). Middle Persian ʾlmʾs (almās) is probably from the same source.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ἀδάμας (adámasm, ἀδάμας f, ? n; third declension

  1. unconquerable
    1. (masculine substantive) adamant, the hardest metal (probably steel)
      1. (figuratively) fixed, unalterable
      2. a hard metal resembling gold
      3. diamond
    2. not to be broken, inflexible

Noun[edit]

ἀδάμας (adámas) (genitive ἀδάμαντος) m, third declension

  1. adamant
  2. diamond

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • LSJ eighth edition
  • Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, volume I, page 19
  • Petar Skok (1971), Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika, Zagreb: JAZU, volume I, pages 8–9