θυγάτηρ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *θύγατηρ (*thúgatēr) (compare Homeric accusative form θύγατρα (thúgatra) created to avoid the three syllables of θυγατέρα (thugatéra) and fit the hexameter) via Limitation Law which required the accent to be placed on the last two syllables due to the fact that the final syllable is long. Further via Proto-Hellenic *tʰugatēr (compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀶𐀏𐀳 (tu-ka-te)), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰugh₂tḗr. Cognate with Sanskrit दुहितृ (duhitṛ), Gothic 𐌳𐌰𐌿𐌷𐍄𐌰𐍂 (dauhtar), Old Church Slavonic дъщи (dŭšti), and Old English dohtor (English daughter).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

θυγάτηρ (thugátēr) (genitive θυγατέρος or θυγατρός); f, third declension;

  1. daughter
  2. female slave, maid-servant

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]