ասեմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from a perfect formation with Proto-Indo-European *-ǵt-. Cognate with Ancient Greek (ê, he spoke) and Latin aio (I say).

Verb[edit]

ասեմ (asem)  (aorist indicative ասացի)

  1. to say, to express, to speak, to relate, to recite, to tell, to recount, to declare, to pronounce, to utter, to dictate
    ասել յառաջագոյնasel yaṙaǰagoyn ― to foretell
    ասել վերստինasel verstin ― to repeat
    չարիս ասել զումեքէčʿaris asel zumekʿē ― to speak badly of a person
    բարիս ասել զումեքէbaris asel zumekʿē ― to speak well of a person
    ասա՛ ինձasá inj ― tell me
    պարտ է ասելpart ē asel ― one must say
    որպէս ասացաքorpēs asacʿakʿ ― as we have said
    համառօտ ասելhamaṙōt asel ― briefly, in one word
    չգիտեմ զինչ ասելčʿgitem zinčʿ asel ― I know not what to say
    զինչ ասիցեն զքէնzinčʿ asicʿen zkʿēn ― what will they say of you?
    անհիմն է զոր ասեսդanhimn ē zor asesd ― what you say is without foundation
    չգիտէ զոր ինչ ասէčʿgitē zor inčʿ asē ― he does not know what he says
    ցանգ զնոյն ասելcʿang znoyn asel ― to repeat always the same thing
    ասել զկարծիս իւր զիմեքէasel zkarcis iwr zimekʿē ― to give one's opinion on some thing
    սուտ ասելsut asel ― to tell falsehoods or lies
    ասել զճշմարտութիւնasel zčšmartutʿiwn ― to speak the truth
    ոչ ասելočʿ asel ― to say no
    ասել այոasel ayo ― to say yes
    զինչ կամիցի ասել այսzinčʿ kamicʿi asel ays ― what does that mean?
    այլ զինչ ասեմսayl zinčʿ asems ― but what do I say?
    ըստ ասելոյ իւրաքանչիւրəst aseloy iwrakʿančʿiwr ― as everyone says
    ասել ընդ միտսasel ənd mits ― to say to one's self
    զայս իբրեւ ասացzays ibrew asacʿ ― when he has said that, at these words
    զայս ասացեալzays asacʿeal ― that said
  2. to sing (said of birds)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • աս in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • ասեմ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ասեմ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • “asem” and “aṙac” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 103, 117
  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 51