It has been proposed to derive from a Proto-Indo-European *h₂egʷs-ih₂-, citing cognates such as Latin ascia and a number of Germanic words, such as Old English æx (English axe). However, it could also be a Semitic borrowing; compare Akkadian 𒍏𒄩𒍣𒅔 (ḫaṣṣinnu) and Aramaic חצינא (ḥaṣīnā).
- (5th BC Attic): IPA: /akʰsínɛ͜ɛ/
- (1st BC Egyptian): IPA: /akʰsíneː/
- (4th AD Koine): IPA: /axsíni/
- (10th AD Byzantine): IPA: /aksíni/
- (15th AD Constantinopolitan): IPA: /aksíni/