axe

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English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

An axe

From Middle English, from Old English æx, from Proto-Germanic *akwisī, probably from a Proto-Indo-European *h₂egʷs-ih₂- (axe), from *h₂eḱ- (sharp, pointed). Compare German Axt, Danish økse, Icelandic öxi, and also Latin ascia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ax (largely US)

Noun[edit]

axe (plural axes)

  1. A tool for felling trees or chopping wood etc. consisting of a heavy head flattened to a blade on one side, and a handle attached to it.
  2. An ancient weapon consisting of a head that has one or two blades and a long handle.
  3. (informal) A dismissal or rejection.
    His girlfriend/boss/schoolmaster gave him the axe.
    • 1975, Bob Dylan, Tangled Up in Blue
      I had a job in the great North Woods
      Workin' as a cook for a spell.
      But I never did like it all that much
      And one day the axe just fell.
  4. (slang, music) A gigging musician's particular instrument, especially a guitar in rock music or a saxophone in jazz.
  5. (finance) A directional position or interest, by a dealer in a financial market – if one wishes to unload stock, one is “axed to sell” or “has an axe”.[1] Derived from “have an axe to grind”, which is also used.
Usage notes[edit]

In the United States, this spelling is often used to distinguish the weapon from the tool, though some simply don't use the "ax" spelling at all, and only use "axe".

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

axe (third-person singular simple present axes, present participle axing, simple past and past participle axed)

  1. (transitive) To fell or chop with an axe.
  2. (transitive) To terminate or reduce tremendously in a rough or ruthless manner.
    The government announced its plans to axe public spending.
    The broadcaster axed the series because far less people than expected watched it.
  3. (transitive) To lay off: to terminate a person's employment
    He got axed in the last round of firings.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

axe (plural axes)

  1. (archaic) The axle of a wheel.

Verb[edit]

axe (third-person singular simple present axes, present participle axing, simple past and past participle axed)

  1. To furnish with an axle.

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

axe (third-person singular simple present axes, present participle axing, simple past and past participle axed)

  1. (obsolete or dialectal) Alternative form of ask
    • 1395, John Wycliffe, trans. Bible, 1 Corinthis 14:35:
      But if thei wolen ony thing lerne, at home axe thei her hosebondis; for it is foule thing to a womman to speke in chirche.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Luke IIi:
      And the people axed hym, sayinge: What shall we do then.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shedding the correlation ‘axe’, Risk magazine

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin axis. Compare the inherited doublet ais.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

axe m (plural axes)

  1. axis
  2. axle

External links[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

axe (plural axes)

  1. Straight line that crosses the center of a body and around which it turns.
  2. Bar connecting parallel wheels of a kart, wagon, etc.

Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

axe

  1. ablative singular of axis