吃饭

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

  • Literally: to eat cooked rice (rice being such a staple, that it extends into generality)

Pronunciation[edit]


Verb[edit]

吃饭

  1. to eat
    • 喜欢吃饭 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Tā hěn xǐhuān chīfàn. [Pinyin]
      He loves to eat.
    • 吃饭 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Nǐ chīfàn le ma? [Pinyin]
      Have you eaten? (also a greeting)
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Nǐ chī guò fàn ma? [Pinyin]
      Have you eaten? (also a greeting)
    • 吃饭没有 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Nǐ chīfàn le méiyǒu? [Pinyin]
      Have you eaten? (also a greeting)
  2. to have a meal
  3. (dated) to make a living
    • 什么吃饭 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Nǐ kào shénme chīfàn? [Pinyin]
      What do you do for a living?
    • 现在失业除了房租吃饭压力 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Wǒ xiànzài shīyè, chúle jiāo fángzū, hái yào chīfàn a, yālì dà a. [Pinyin]
      I'm out of work at the moment. Apart from paying rent I also have to make a living; it's very stressful.

Usage note[edit]

Chineses use the sentence 你吃饭了吗? (Have you eaten / Did you eat) as a greeting. It is an equivalent of How’s it going? or How are you?

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]