This position was established in the Qin Dynasty (221 - 206 BCE), and abandoned after the Jin Dynasty (265–420). A court advisor was responsible for issuing opinions to the emperor about matters of state. A court advisor received a stipend of 600-dan, and was often a civil officer who was nominated to his post because of his record of filial piety and incorruptibility. Court advisors served under the Minister of the Household.
- (archaic) Court Advisor (position title within the old imperial system)
- Government of the Han Dynasty#Minister of the Household on Wikipedia.Wikipedia:Government of the Han Dynasty#Minister of the Household
- 光禄勋 on the Mandarin Wikipedia.zh.Wikipedia:光禄勋
- "议郎" (in Mandarin), Guoyu Cidian On-line Mandarin Dictionary (國語辭典). URL accessed on 2011-01-30.
- 2007, Hanyu Da Cidian 3.0 (in Mandarin), Hong Kong: Commercial Press, ISBN 9789620702778: