-իւն

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Proto-Indo-European *-iōn- suffix. Compare Latin regiō, genitive regiōnis. Perhaps partly contaminated with Proto-Indo-European *-mno- adverbial formations, as shown by the parallels գոչիւն (gočʿiwn)/գոչումն (gočʿumn), լալիւն (laliwn)/լալումն (lalumn).

Suffix[edit]

-իւն (-iwn)

  1. forming nouns related to the notion of sound, noise, and often having onomatopoeic origin
    գոչիւնgočʿiwn ― clamour, cry
    թնդիւնtʿndiwn ― sound, noise
    շառաչիւնšaṙačʿiwn ― clang, clatter
  2. found in few other words (the etymology may be different)
    արիւնariwn ― blood
    անկիւնankiwn ― angle
    աւիւնawiwn ― fury
    աճիւնačiwn ― ashes
    արդիւնardiwn ― production
    հերիւնheriwn ― bodkin; awl, pricker

Usage notes[edit]

Nouns formed with this suffix (in the first sense) are indeclinable.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • -իւն” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi