Appendix:Proto-Germanic/haubudą

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kauput-, *káput-, a variant of *kapōlo (head, bowl). Cognate with Latin caput and Sanskrit कपुच्छल (kapúcchala).

The original form in Germanic was *háfudą (or possibly *habúdą), whereas -b- in the other two forms is the result of Verner's law after a shift in stress onto the following syllable. The secondary -au- of *haubúdą presumably arose by influence from the following stressed -u-.[1] The form haubídą shows variation in the ending also seen in Latin (compare nominative caput vs. genitive capitis).

The same root but with an alternate ending also appears in Germanic: Old English hafola (head), from *hafulǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *kapōlo. The presence of initial -a- in both words (hafudą and hafulǭ) remains unexplained.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈxɑu̯.βu.ðɑ̃/

Noun[edit]

*haubudą n

  1. head

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carl Marstrander, Klodvignavet og den germanske dissimilationslov (Oslow: Dybwad, 1925), 25.