Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/péth₂r̥

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root *peth₂-.

Noun[edit]

*péth₂r̥ n (oblique stem *pth₂én-)

  1. wing
  2. feather

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: [script needed] n (pattar, wing), genitive singular [script needed] (paddan-aš)
  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: թեր (tʿer, *wing, *feather; *leaf; side), թերթ (tʿertʿ, leaf), թիթեռն (tʿitʿeṙn, butterfly) < *pter-
      • Armenian: թեր (tʿer, leaf)
    • Old Armenian: թիռ- (tʿiṙ-, to fly) < *ptēr-
    • Old Armenian: փետուր (pʿetur, feather) < *pet-ōr (?) (possibly)
  • Balto-Slavic:
  • Germanic: *feþrō (See there for further descendants.)
  • Hellenic:
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Avestan: [script needed] (patarə-ta-, winged)
    • Sanskrit: पत्त्र (páttra)
  • Italic: *petnā
    • Latin: penna (See there for further descendants.)

References[edit]

  • “πτερόν” in Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, volume II, page 1248
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, pages 286–294