Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/kak

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *khaɣ/khak (Coblin, 1986); *ʔyak ⪤ kak (Matisoff, 1983)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *kak (Matisoff, STEDT)

Derived from *b-ka-(n/m/ŋ) (bitter, bile, liver).

Definitions[edit]

  1. difficult, hard; hardship

Descendants[edit]

  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: ခက် (hkak, difficult, hard, harsh; arduous)

See also[edit]

  • *ʔjak (hard, difficult)