Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/tet ~ tjat

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *tet ~ *tjat (Schuessler, 2007)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *tsyat (Matisoff, STEDT; Benedict, 1972); *tśât (Chou, 1972)

Definitions[edit]

  1. to cut off, to chop
  2. to break
  3. to bend

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: /*tet/ ("B-S"), /*ʔljed/ (ZS) ("to bend, to break (v.t.); to defeat; to decay, to die; to detract; to fold"); /*ɴ-tet/ ("B-S"), /*ɦljed/ (ZS) ("to bend (v.i.)")
    • Middle Chinese: /t͡ɕiᴇt, d͡ʑiᴇt/, /t͡ɕiᴇp/ ("to fold"), /?/ ("crease, wrinkle")

         Japanese:   (せつ, setsu)
            Korean:   (jeol) (, jeol)
            Vietnamese:  chiết

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (zhé, /ʈ͡ʂɤ³⁵/, "to break (sth.)"; shé, /ʂɤ³⁵/, "to snap, to break (by itself)"), (zhé, /ʈ͡ʂɤ³⁵/, "to fold"), (zhě, /ʈ͡ʂɤ²¹⁴/, "crease, wrinkle")
  • Kamarupan
    • Kuki-Chin
      /*tsat/ ("to break, to snap") (VanBik, 2009)
      • Central Chin
        • Lushai [Mizo]: chat (to break, to snap; asunder, apart)
  • Himalayish
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      /*tsat, *{C}-tsat/ ("to break (in two)") (Matisoff, 1972)
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: ဆတ် (hcat, brittle)