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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.
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From earlier *bojan- (compare Ancient Greek βοάνος (boános), attested in the 10-th century DAI), a borrowing from a Turkic language, probably from the title of the Avar khagan misinterpreted as a name (compare similar development in *vodzь) [script needed] (bajan, ruler of the horde), from Proto-Turkic *bāj (rich, noble). Turkic word is usually considered a borrowing from an Iranian language, from the same lexical root whence also Common Slavic *bogъ (god), but some consider it inherited from Proto-Altaic.

South Slavic only. Other Slavic languages have borrowed the word in the historical period.


*bãnъ m (accent paradigm b)

  1. master, ruler, lord, ban (title)


Derived terms[edit]

  • *banьjь (of or pertaining to a ban)

Related terms[edit]


  • Roman:
    • Romanian: ban (money)
    • Moldavian: ban (money)
  • East Slavic: —
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic: —


  • Alemko Gluhak (1993), Hrvatski etimološki rječnik, August Cesarec: Zagreb, page 123f
  • Petar Skok (1971), Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika, Zagreb: JAZU, volume I, page 104
  • “*bēǯu” in Sergei Starostin, Vladimir Dybo, Oleg Mudrak (2003), Etymological Dictionary of the Altaic Languages, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers