Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Alternative forms 
The term has arisen from the conflicts in the 20th century Balkans.
Proper noun 
- A geopolitical term to describe the fragmentation of a region into several small states that are often hostile or non-cooperative with each other.
- (informal) Any disintegration process, such as that of the Internet being divided into separate enclaves.
fragmentation of a region into several small states
any disintegration process