Template:hu-noun

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hu-noun


The following documentation is located at Template:hu-noun/documentation. [edit]

This template is designed for use with all Hungarian nouns. It should be used immediately following the ===Noun=== header, and provides the inflection line, showing the singular and plural forms of the nominative noun.

{{{1}}} = plural suffix. If the noun has no plural form, this parameter should be set to “-”.

Regular nouns[edit]

For regular nouns, this template takes one parameter. The template calls the PAGENAME for the singular form and uses this as the base for the plural form.

Examples:
  • asztalterítő (‘tablecloth'; adds -k to form plural)
    {{hu-noun|k}}
  • hónap (‘month’; adds -ok to form plural)
    {{hu-noun|ok}}
  • nyelv (‘tongue, language'; adds -ek to form plural)
    {{hu-noun|ek}}
  • tök (‘pumpkin, squash’; adds -ök to form plural)
    {{hu-noun|ök}}


In cases where there is a vowel shift in the suffix, the shifted suffix is simply used.

Examples:
  • hal (‘fish’; adds -ak to form plural, even though -ok is expected)
    {{hu-noun|ak}}
  • szög (‘nail’; adds -ek to form plural, even though -ök is expected)
    {{hu-noun|ek}}

Irregular nouns[edit]

For irregular nouns, where the stem drops a vowel to form the plural, the plural form must be given in full using the pl= option.

Examples:
  • álom (‘dream’; stem shortens to álm- by dropping the final vowel)
    {{hu-noun|pl=álmok}}
  • (‘horse’; the vowel shortens to lo and vak is added)
    {{hu-noun|pl=lovak}}

Nouns lacking a plural form[edit]

For nouns without plural forms, use 1=-.

Example:
  • angol (‘the English language’)
    {{hu-noun|-}}
    • angol (uncountable)

Nouns which are both countable and uncountable[edit]

Some nouns have no plural for one sense, but do have one for another sense. For these, use 1=- and use the second parameter to give the plural ending, or the pl= parameter if it is irregular.

Example:
  • portugál (‘the Portuguese language’ or ‘a Portuguese person’)
    {{hu-noun|-|ok}}
    • portugál (countable and uncountable, plural portugálok)

Nouns with two plural forms[edit]

Some nouns have two plurals: with and without stem change. In these cases the second plural is provided by alt= and then the second plural (short for alternative). Such nouns are collected in Category:Hungarian nouns with multiple plural forms

Example:
and for the other order of appearance:
{{hu-noun|pl=varjak|alt=varjúk}}