Wiktionary:About Proto-Balto-Slavic

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This page contains guidelines for Proto-Balto-Slavic reconstructions - notation, templates, and formatting. Proto-Slavic reconstructions are created in the Appendix namespace, as subpages.

Balto-Slavic protolanguage is still an active topic of research, and there is no consensus among historical linguists on how it looks like. Different authors use different symbols, reconstruct different phonemic inventory and morphology.

Notation[edit]

Nouns[edit]

The following is a template for new nouns with only one reconstruction:

{{reconstructed}}
==Proto-Balto-Slavic==

===Etymology===

===Noun===
{{ine-bsl-noun|}}

# {{l|en|}}

The first optional positional parameter to the template {{ine-bsl-noun}} is the gender. Additional parameter g2= can be used to indicate plurality in case of singularia/pluralia tantum.

Adjectives[edit]

Verbs[edit]

Others[edit]

Etymologies[edit]

Etymologies are added as a L3 header. If the editor doesn't know anything at all about the etymology of Proto-Balto-Slavic reconstruction, he should use the following template to request it:

===Etymology===
{{rfe|lang=ine-bsl-pro}}

Template for inheritance from Proto-Indo-European:

===Etymology===
From {{etyl|ine-pro|ine-bsl-pro}} {{term/t|ine-pro|*}}.

Descendants[edit]

Descendants are added as a L4 header. The following is a template that can be copy pasted in new entries:

====Descendants====
* East Baltic:
** Latgalian: {{l|ltg|}}
** Latvian: {{l|lv|}}
** Lithuanian: {{l|lt|}}
** Samogitian: {{l|sga|}}
* West Baltic:
** Old Prussian: {{l|prg|}}
** Sudovian: {{l|xsv|}}
* Slavic: {{l|sla-pro|*}} {{see desc}}
* Other:
** Finnish: {{l|fi|}}

Guidelines:

  • Slavic cognates are listed only as a Proto-Slavic reconstruction. The {{see desc}} template leaves a notice for users that they should refer to its entry for further descendants.
  • The final clade Other: is for non-Balto-Slavic languages that the word has been borrowed into, and for which the exact origin cannot be determined, usually due to the fact that the word has been borrowed in prehistoric times, or when individual Balto-Slavic languages as they are understood today didn't exist. These are sorted alphabetically.

References[edit]

References should be provided in the L3 section called ===References=== at the end of the entry.

Available references are listed in the following table:

Dictionaries of Proto-Slavic
Reference template Work Notes
{{R:Derksen 2008|}} Rick Derksen (2008), Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon, Brill: Leiden-Boston, 2008 The first positional parameter is page number.
{{R:lt:SEJL|}} Wojciech Smoczyński (2007), Słownik etymologiczny je̜zyka litewskiego, Uniwersytet Wileński: Wilno The first positional parameter is page number.
{{R:Kim PBS|}} Ronald Kim (forth.), The phonology of Balto-Slavic, In: Handbook of Indo-European Studies, ed. M. Weiss & A. Garrett, OUP The first positional parameter is page number.