bērzs

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Latvian[edit]

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 Bērzi on Latvian Wikipedia

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Bērzs

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *berž-, perhaps Proto-Balto-Slavic *berźas, *berźā[1] (with the long ē caused by the level intonation: er̄ > ēːr), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerHǵs,[2] a nominalized adjectival form, originally meaning “bright; white” (compare Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌷𐍄 (bairht, light, bright), English bright), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (bright, light brown). Dialectal bērze is closer to Old Prussian, while dialectal bērza is closer to Slavic. Cognates include Lithuanian béržas, Old Prussian berse, Proto-Slavic *berza (Old Church Slavonic брѣза (brěza), Russian берёза (berjóza), Belarusian бяроза (bjaróza), Ukrainian береза (beréza), Bulgarian бреза (brezá), Czech bříza, Polish brzoza), Old English beorc, Old High German birka, English birch, German Birke, Sanskrit भूर्जः (bhūrjáḥ), Latin frāxinus (ash tree) (< *bherg-s-enos). [3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bērzs m (1st declension)

  1. birch tree (gen. Betula)
    bērza lapa, malka, tāssbirch leaf, wood, bark
    purva bērzs — bog birch
    āra bērzs — silver birch, European white birch
    nocirst bērzu — to cut down a birch tree
    bērzu sulabirch juice
    bērzu slotabirch broom
    sasiet bērza zarus slotā — to tie birch branches into a broom

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ beržas in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė
  2. ^ Rick Derksen (2008), Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon, Brill: Leiden-Boston, page 38
  3. ^ “bērzs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7