banish

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French banir (to proclaim, ban, banish) and Old English bannan, Proto-Germanic *bannaną (curse, forbid). Compare to French bannir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

banish (third-person singular simple present banishes, present participle banishing, simple past and past participle banished)

  1. To send someone away and forbid that person from returning.
    1. (with simple direct object)
      If you don't stop talking blasphemes, I will banish you.
    2. (with from)
      • 2011 December 15, Felicity Cloake, “How to cook the perfect nut roast”, Guardian:
        The parsnip, stilton and chestnut combination may taste good, but it's not terribly decorative. In fact, dull's the word, a lingering adjectival ghost of nut roasts past that I'm keen to banish from the table.
      He was banished from the kingdom.
    3. (dated, with out of)
      • 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte d'Arthur, Modern Library 1999, p. 640:
        For I am banished out of the country of Logris for ever, that is for to say the country of England.
    4. (archaic, with two simple objects (person and place))
      • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, II.10:
        he never referreth any one unto vertue, religion, or conscience: as if they were all extinguished and banished the world [...].
      • 1796, Matthew Lewis, The Monk, Folio Society 1985, p. 190:
        Then yours she will never be! You are banished her presence; her mother has opened her eyes to your designs, and she is now upon her guard against them.
  2. To expel, especially from the mind.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      […] St. Bede's at this period of its history was perhaps the poorest and most miserable parish in the East End of London. Close-packed, crushed by the buttressed height of the railway viaduct, rendered airless by huge walls of factories, it at once banished lively interest from a stranger's mind and left only a dull oppression of the spirit.
    banish fear, qualm.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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