drāna

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See also: drānā

Latvian[edit]

Drāna

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *der-, *dr- (to tear, rip, split) (whence also dīrāt (to skin, flay)), with a suffix *-eh₂, yielding *dr-eh₂ > drā-, and another suffix, either *-no-/*-nā-, or (according to Pokorny) *-p-an, with the p later reducing to zero (but still conserved in the Lithuanian and Sanskrit cognates). The semantic evolution was problably: “to skin” > “skin, fur” > “fabric”. Cognates include Lithuanian drãpana (clothes, costume) (dialectal also “handkerchief”, “piece of cloth”), Sanskrit द्रापिः (drāpíḥ, coat, attire).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

drāna f (4th declension)

  1. fabric (cloth, material made of fibers)
    vilnas, zīda, linu drāna — wool, slik, linen cloth
    aizkaru drāna — curtain cloth
    rūtota drāna — checked fabric
  2. piece of cloth, handkerchief
    kabatas drāna — pocket handkerchief
  3. (only plural) clothes, garments
    ģērbties gaišās drānās — to dress in bright clothes

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “drāna” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7