forðum

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Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse forðum. Cognate with Faroese forðum.

Adverb[edit]

forðum (not comparable)

  1. formerly, long ago

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Etymology obscure, but ultimately from Proto-Germanic *furi- (formerly), from Proto-Indo-European *per- (forth, over, across, through). Related to Old Norse forn (old, ancient), fjǫrð (past year).

Adverb[edit]

forðum (not comparable)

  1. aforetime, formerly, once, erst
    • Hávamál, 47:
      Ungr var ek forðum, / fór ek einn saman, / þá varð ek villr vega; / auðigr þóttumk, / er ek annan fann, / maðr er manns gaman.
      Young was I once, / and wandered alone, / And nought of the road I knew; / Rich did I feel / when a comrade I found, / for man is man's delight.
  2. of yore, in days of old
    • Vǫluspá, 2:
      Ek man jǫtna ár um borna, / Þá er forðum mik fœdda hǫfðu...
      I recall giants born long ago / Who have fostered me of old...

Descendants[edit]