hanse

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Hanse

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English hanse, from Old French hanse (hanse, fee, company of merchants) and/or Medieval Latin hansa (hanse, the Hanse League); both from Middle High German hans, hanse (association or corporation of merchants, the Hanse League), from Old High German hansa (troop of soldiers, host, company, multitude, crowd, mass), from Proto-Germanic *hansō (gathering, coalition, troop, company), Proto-Indo-European *ḱómsōd (union, gathering), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (beside, by, with, along). Cognate with Gothic [script?] (hansa, band of men), Old English hōs (company, escort, attendants, retinue), Latin consilium ("council, advisory body"; < *consodium), Russian сосед (soséd, neighbour), Latin cum (with).

Noun[edit]

hanse (plural hanses)

  1. A league; a confederacy.
  2. A society or combination of merchants in mercantile towns, for the protection and facility of trade and transportation.
  3. A Mediaeval French guild.
Quotations[edit]
  • (Can we date this quote?), Institutions and European Trade (ISBN 1139500392), page 95:
    In this, they resembled the alien merchant guilds and hanses of the medieval period.
  • (Can we date this quote?), An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Wales and Monmouthshire (published by the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales), page 252:
    The town does not seem to have had a hanse, nor have there been discovered any records showing the existence of medieval trade guilds; []
  • 2002, P. Boissonnade, Life and Work in Medieval Europe, page 208:
    Gilds and hanses seized control of the export trade []
  • 2002, T. H. Lloyd, England and the German Hanse, 1157-1611: A Study of Their Trade, page 1:
    For the sake of convenience the title is generally shortened to Hanse, but the initial capital is retained, not least to prevent confusion with other hanses.

Etymology 2[edit]

Compare French anse (handle), anse de panier (surbased arch, flat arch, vault), and English haunch (hip).

Noun[edit]

hanse (plural hanses)

  1. (architecture) That part of an elliptical or many-centred arch which has the shorter radius and immediately adjoins the impost.