oscine

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English[edit]

An oscine, Passer domesticus (house sparrow)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin oscen (songbird).

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Adjective[edit]

oscine (not comparable)

  1. Of or pertaining to the songbirds (suborder Passeri).

Noun[edit]

oscine (plural oscines)

  1. Any bird of the suborder Passeri (the songbirds), which have better vocal control than other birds.
    • 2005, Elizabeth Adkins-Regan, Hormones and Animal Social Behavior, page 273,
      Because the oscines are the most speciose group of living birds, the use of learned vocalizations for mate competition and attraction has been hypothsized to have facilitated speciation (Marler and Tamura 1962; Slabbekoorn and Smith 2002; see Ricklefs [2003] for an alternative view).
    • 2006, Gabriel B. Mindlin, Rodrigo Laje, The Physics of Birdsong, page 41,
      Oscine songbirds are capable of vocal learning. This has led to a detailed study of the sophisticated set of neural nuclei responsible for the central control of the song. Oscines also show a high degree of complexity at the level of the vocal organ. For this reason, we dedicate a section to the description of the oscine syrinx.
    • 2011, F. Keith Barker, Phylogeny and Diversification in Modern Passerines, Gareth Dyke, Gary Kaiser (editors), Living Dinosaurs: The Evolutionary History of Modern Birds, page 244,
      Specifically, the suboscine/oscine split is based on the presence versus absence of specialized intrinsic syringeal musculature in oscines (in addition to a critical contribution of learning to vocal development).

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