sconce

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French esconce (lantern), from Latin absconsus (hidden), perfect passive participle of abscondō (hide).[1][2] Cognate with abscond.

Noun[edit]

sconce (plural sconces)

  1. A light fixture.
    • Evelyn
      tapers put into lanterns or sconces of several-coloured, oiled paper, that the wind might not annoy them
    • Dryden
      Golden sconces hang not on the walls.
  2. A head or a skull.
    • Shakespeare
      to knock him about the sconce with a dirty shovel
  3. A poll tax; a mulct or fine.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
  4. A piece of armour for the head; headpiece; helmet.
    • Shakespeare
      I must get a sconce for my head.

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

sconce (third-person singular simple present sconces, present participle sconcing, simple past and past participle sconced)

  1. (obsolete) to impose a fine, a forfeit, or a mulct.

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Middle Dutch schans, cognate with German Schanze.[2]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sconce (plural sconces)

  1. A type of small fort or other fortification, especially as built to defend a pass or ford.
    • Milton
      No sconce or fortress of his raising was ever known either to have been forced, or yielded up, or quitted.
  2. (obsolete) A hut for protection and shelter; a stall.
    • Beaumont and Fletcher
      one that [] must raise a sconce by the highway and sell switches
  3. The circular tube, with a brim, in a candlestick, into which the candle is inserted.
  4. (architecture) A squinch.
  5. A fragment of a floe of ice.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Kane to this entry?)
  6. A fixed seat or shelf.
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

sconce (third-person singular simple present sconces, present participle sconcing, simple past and past participle sconced)

  1. (obsolete) to shut within a sconce; to imprison.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition
  2. 2.0 2.1 ensconce The Lexiteria & alphaDictionary