sculan

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Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *skulaną (to owe), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kel- (shall, must, owe). Cognate with Old High German scolan (German sollen), Old Saxon skulan, Dutch zullen, Old Norse skulu (Swedish skola), Gothic 𐍃𐌺𐌿𐌻𐌰𐌽 (skulan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sċulan

  1. (transitive) to owe
  2. (auxiliary) to be obliged, must, should
    Him æghwylc þara ymbsittendra ofer hronrade hyran scolde. All of the neighbouring tribes over the ocean had to listen to him. (Beowulf ll.9-10)
  3. (auxiliary) shall, to be going or about (to do something due to some sort of obligation not intention)

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Verb[edit]

sculan

  1. Alternative spelling of skulan