spýja

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Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse spýja (compare Faroese spýggja, Norwegian, Swedish and Danish spy), from Proto-Germanic *spīwaną, whence also Dutch spuwen, German speien, English spew, Gothic 𐍃𐍀𐌴𐌹𐍅𐌰𐌽 (speiwan). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ptyēw- (to spit, vomit). Non-Germanic cognates include Old Armenian թուք (tʿukʿ), Persian تف (tuf, spittle), Ossetian ту (tu, spittle), Ancient Greek πτύω (ptúō, I spit out), Latin spuo, Old Church Slavonic пльвати (plĭvati) (Russian плевать (plevatʹ)) and Sanskrit ष्ठीवति (ṣṭhīvati, to spit).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

spýja (strong verb, third-person singular past indicative spjó, third-person plural past indicative spjóu, supine spúið) or spýja (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative spúði, supine spúið)

  1. to vomit
  2. to spit out, make gush forth

Conjugation[edit]

Strong or (increasingly commonly) weak. May also be mixed, with the strong forms being retained mostly in the singular past indicative forms.

Noun[edit]

spýja f (genitive singular spýju, nominative plural spýjur)

  1. vomit
  2. a thick shower of rain in windy conditions
  3. a small avalanche

Declension[edit]