˩

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˩ U+02E9, ˩
MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-LOW TONE BAR
˨
[U+02E8]
Spacing Modifier Letters ˪
[U+02EA]

Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

˩

  1. (IPA) A symbol representing an (extra-)low (bottom) tone.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In the illustrations of the IPA Handbook, this letter may come before a word or syllable to indicate prosodic pitch, and after a word or syllable to indicate lexical tone.
  • When this symbol occurs in combination with other tone letters, they indicate the pitch contour of the tone. For example, ˩˩ means an extra-high level tone, and ˨˩˦ means one that begins low, then goes extra-low and ends high.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]