գամփռ

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Armenian[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Armenian գամփռ (gampʿṙ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

գամփռ (gampʿṙ)

  1. any large and powerful dog, especially the Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “գամփռ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 510a

Middle Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ačaṙean does not know the origin.[1] According to J̌ahukyan, we are dealing with a sound-symbolic formation.[2]

Ačaṙean considers Northern Kurdish gembol (large watchdog) a borrowing from Armenian, with the rl sound change occurring within Kurdish, because there is no Armenian dialectal form with an (-l).[1] Compare also Central Kurdish گەماڵ(gemall, male dog; mastiff)[3][4] and Northern Kurdish gemal (mastiff)[5].

Noun[edit]

գամփռ (gampʿṙ)

  1. a large dog
    • 12–13th century, Vardan Aygekcʿi, Žołovacʿoykʿ aṙakacʿ Vardanay [Collection of Fables of Vardan] :
      եւ ունէր տանուտէրմի 'ի գեղն գամփռ շուն մի
      ew unēr tanutērmi 'i gełn gampʿṙ šun mi

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: գամփռ (gampʿṙ)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “գամփռ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 510a
  2. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “գամփռ”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 148a
  3. ^ Kurdojev, K. K.; Jusupova, Z. A. (1983), “گەماڵ”, in Kurdsko-russkij slovarʹ (sorani) [Kurdish–Russian Dictionary (Sorani)], Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 572b
  4. ^ Qazzaz, Shafiq (2000), “گەماڵ”, in The Sharezoor Kurdish–English dictionary, Erbil: Aras Press and Publishers, page 486a
  5. ^ Îzolî, D. (1992), “gemal”, in Ferheng : Kurdî-Tirkî. Türkçe-Kürtçe, Istanbul: Deng Yayınları, →ISBN, page 162a

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “գամփռ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Mxitʿar Sebastacʿi (1749–1769), “գամփռ”, in Baṙgirkʿ Haykazean lezui [Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “գամփռ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy