գութան

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A pan-Caucasian word of uncertain ultimate origin.

Compare Middle Armenian գութայ (gutʿay); Georgian გუთანი (gutani), Mingrelian გუთანი (gutani), Laz kütén; Ingush гота (gota), Chechen гота (gota), Bats გუთა (gutã); Dargwa гутан (gutan), Udi коьтаьн (kötän), Lezgi куьте́н (kütén), Avar кута́н (kután); Abkhaz а-куаҭана (ā-ḳ°ātānā), а-кәаҭа́н (ā-ḳ°ātā́n), Abaza кӏвата́н (ḳ°ātā́n); Ossetian гу́тон (gúton), готон (goton); Northern Kurdish kotan; Azeri kotan, dialectal Turkish köten, kötan, kotan, kutan, Karachay-Balkar гатон (gaton); Assyrian Neo-Aramaic ܟܘܬܢ (kûtân).

Abaev remarks that in all the languages the word refers to heavy or improved version of the plough, whereas the regular plough is designated by a native word.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

գութան (gutʿan)

  1. plough

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Abajev, V. I. (1958) Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ osetinskovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Ossetian Language] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow, Leningrad: USSR Academy of Sciences, page 527
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “գութայ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 587–588
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “գութայ”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 171a